52枚沙皇法贝热彩蛋(下)52TsarImperialFabergéeggs

The Standart Yacht Egg is a jewelled Easter egg made in 1909 for Tsar Nicholas II of Russia It was presented by Nicolas

The Standart Yacht Egg is a jewelled Easter egg made in 1909 for Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. It was presented by Nicolas II to his wife. It is currently held in the Kremlin Armoury Museum in Moscow, and it is one of the few Fabergé eggs that have never left Russia.

斯坦达特游艇彩蛋是沙皇尼古拉斯二世1909年献给妻子的礼物,现存克林姆林宫军事博物馆,是一枚从未离开俄罗斯的彩蛋。


The Standart Yacht Leaf Egg is a transparent hollowed-out rock crystal egg, mounted horizontally, with a gold band with inlaid leaves of green enamel and small diamonds marking the separation point between upper and lower halves, which bears the inscription "Standart 1909". A crowned lapis lazuli eagle is perched on either side of the egg and a large pear-shaped pearl hangs from each. The shaft consists of two lapis lazuli dolphins with intertwined tails. It is on an ornate stand with classical overtones, made from gold, pearls, and enamel.

斯坦达特游艇彩蛋是透明的镂空水晶石蛋,横蛋。金带与绿色珐琅镶嵌叶子和小钻石区分上下部的分离点上刻有题字“斯坦达特1909 ” 。一个加冕青金石雕栖息在鸡蛋的两侧,下面有梨形珍珠。轴由两个青金石与海豚尾巴缠绕在一起。

The surprise is a golden replica of the Imperial Yacht, the Standart Yacht, made of gold and platinum, and coated in vitreous enamel. The model rests on a carved bed of crystal representing the ocean, but can be removed from the egg.

蛋里的惊喜是帝国游艇模型,由黄金和铂金制成。该模型竖立在用水晶代表大海的雕花平面上,可以从鸡蛋中删除。


The ca. 5,500 ton yacht Standart was commissioned by Alexander III in Copenhagen. It was first launched in 1895 and was 116 meters long, making it the largest yacht in the world at that time. It had thirty rooms, and a stable for a cow to ensure the imperial children of fresh milk! The yacht took the imperial family on frequent sorties along the Baltic and the Finnish coasts.


关于斯坦达特游艇

大约重5500吨的斯坦达特游艇,是亚历山大三世委托哥本哈根建造的。它于1895年初次下海,有116米长,使它成为当时世界上最大的游艇。它有30间客房,以及一头牛,以确皇家孩子们的新鲜牛奶!该游艇载着沙皇家族出席各种沿波罗的海和芬兰海岸的活动。


The Alexander III Commemorative egg is made in 1909, for Nicholas II of Russia, who presented it to his mother, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna.

The egg commemorates Alexander III of Russia, who had died fifteen years previously. The egg is one of four to commemorate Alexander, along with the Alexander III Portraits, Alexander III Equestrian and Empire Nephrite eggs. The surprise was a miniature gold bust of Alexander.

亚历山大三世纪念蛋是1909年尼古拉二世献给他的母亲太后玛丽亚的。

为了纪念俄国的亚历山大三世去世15周年。彩蛋是四个纪念亚历山大三世的彩蛋之一,其他三个是亚历山大三世肖像,亚历山大三世马术和帝国田玉鸡蛋。该蛋里的惊喜是亚历山大的一个缩影金半身像。


The egg is one of the seven Imperial Fabergé eggs that are currently missing; and one of only two lost eggs for which a photograph exists, the other being 1903's Royal Danish.

此蛋是丢失彩蛋之一,是仅有的具有照片记录的两个彩蛋之一,另一个是1903年的丹麦皇家彩蛋。


The Colonnade egg is made for Nicholas II of Russia, who presented it to his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna upon the birth of their only son, the tsarevich Alexei.As a clock-egg, the Colonnade egg contained no surprise.

柱廊彩蛋是尼古拉二世献给他的妻子亚历山德拉,为了庆祝唯一儿子的诞生,维奇罗曼阿列克谢,该彩蛋是一枚时钟蛋,因此不含惊喜。


The Colonnade Egg is made of Bowenite, four-colour gold, silver-gilt, platinum, guilloché enamel and rose diamonds. It is one of only four Faberge Easter Eggs to include a clock in the design. The Colonnade Egg features a rotary clock made by the Swiss firm Henry Moser & Cie.

柱廊彩蛋是由四色金,银鎏金,铂,饰纹珐琅和玫瑰钻石制成。它是沙皇彩蛋四个时钟蛋之一,内有旋转的时钟,由瑞士公司亨利·莫泽&Cie制成。

The egg symbolizes a temple of love. A pair of platinum doves represent the love of Nicholas and Alexandra. Four silver-gilt cherubs sit around the base of the egg, each representing Nicholas and Alexandra's four daughters: Anastasia, Olga, Maria, and Tatiana. Alexei is represented by a silver-gilt cupid, which surmounts the egg.The cupid is now missing a silver-gilt staff or twig which was held in his right hand and was used to indicate the hour.

蛋象征着爱情的殿堂。一对铂金的鸽子代表尼古拉和亚历山德拉的爱情。四银鎏金天使围绕彩蛋的基座,每个代表尼古拉和亚历山德拉的四个女儿:阿纳斯塔西娅,奥尔加,玛丽亚和塔蒂亚娜。阿列克谢是由一个镀银丘比特来代表,目前小丘比特下落不明,而他的右手里拿着的小树枝是时钟的指针。


Upon the abdication of Nicholas II and the imprisonment of the family in 1917, the Colonnade Egg was confiscated by the provisional government. It then appears on a 1922 list of confiscated treasures moved from the Anichkov Palace to the Sovnarkom, which was a state-run organization which collected and conserved treasures. In 1927 the Colonnade Egg was sold as one of nine eggs to Emanuel Snowman of London antique dealer Wartski. Two years later it was sold to Queen Mary of Teck and inherited by Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. It remains in the Royal Collection.

当尼古拉二世和家人在1917年入狱,柱廊蛋被临时政府没收。它出现在1922年没收的珍品单子上,阿尼奇科夫宫搬到了Sovnarkom ,这是一个收集和保存珍品的国营机构。在1927年,该蛋作为九个被卖给伦敦古董商Wartski彩蛋之一。两年后,它被售给德玛丽女王,然后由英国女王伊丽莎白二世在1953年继承,现仍在英皇家收藏中。


The Alexander III Equestrian Egg is made in 1910, for the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II presented to his mother the Dowager Empress, Maria Fyodorovna, wife of the previous Tsar, Alexander III.It is currently held in the Kremlin Armoury Museum in Moscow.

亚历山大三世马术蛋是在1910年,由俄罗斯的末代沙皇尼古拉二世赠送给他的母亲——太后玛丽亚·费多罗夫娜——前沙皇亚历山大三世的妻子。现存于莫斯科的克林姆林军事博物馆。



15th anniversary of Tsar Nicholas II's accession to throne, the egg presented in 1911 to Tsarina Alexandra is the most personal of all those crafted by the House of Fabergé. 18 superbly painted scenes illustrate the principal events of Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra's reign as well as individual portraits of the recipient, her husband and their five children. The dates 1894 and 1911 are set beneath the portraits of the Tsarina and the Tsar, respectively.


沙皇尼古拉二世登基15周年彩蛋,是1911年沙皇送给皇后亚历山德拉的彩蛋,这枚彩蛋是最私人情感的一枚彩蛋。18副华丽场景描绘沙皇尼古拉二世和沙皇皇后亚历山德拉的统治,沙皇夫妇和他们五个孩子的个人肖像。日期1894年和1911年分别写在沙皇和皇后的肖像下方。


No.40


The Bay tree egg (also known as the Orange tree egg) is a jewelled carved nephrite and enameled Easter egg made under the supervision of the Russian jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé in 1911, for Nicholas II of Russia, who presented the egg to his mother, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna on April 12, 1911.

海湾树蛋(也被称为橙树蛋)在俄罗斯珠宝商彼得·卡尔·法贝热的监督下制作的复活节彩蛋,由沙皇尼古拉二世送给母亲太后玛丽亚于1911年4月12日。


Turning a tiny lever disguised as a fruit, hidden among the leaves of the bay tree, activates the hinged circular top of the tree and a feathered songbird rises and flaps its wings, turns its head, opens its beak and sings.

转动一个伪装成水果的很小的杠杆,在隐蔽的树叶中间,激活树顶的圆形顶盖,一个会扇动翅膀和转动头的鸟儿升起来,张开嘴开始唱歌。


The Tsarevich Egg is a Fabergé egg created in 1912 for Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna as a tribute by Faberge to her son the Tsarevich Alexis (Alexei). The egg currently resides in the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.


维奇罗曼鸡蛋是在1912年,由法贝热制造献给皇后亚历山德拉,以纪念她的儿子维奇罗曼 阿列克谢。目前该蛋由弗吉尼亚州美术博物馆收藏。

Unknown to all but the royal family, Alexei was expected to die of hemophilia and was at one point so close to death that the Russian Imperial Court had already drawn up his death certificate. When Alexei survived, Fabergé, who knew of the Czarevich's health, created the egg for Alexei's mother Czarina Alexandra Fyodorovna as a tribute to the miracle of his survival.

世人不知的是皇室家庭的秘密——唯一的儿子阿列克谢原本以为是将要死于血友病的,甚至皇家法庭都已经发了死亡证明。当阿列克谢存活之后,法贝热特地制作了这枚彩蛋来庆祝这一个奇迹。


The portrait portrays Alexei in his sailor suit, a favorite of the Tsarevich's. The original double-sided watercolor miniature portrait has suffered damage. The current portrait on display is an archival photograph. Inside the egg, an engraved golden disc with a rose window design serves as a platform for the portrait frame.

蛋里的惊喜就是阿列克谢的肖像。这幅肖像描绘阿列克谢穿着他心爱的水手服。原来的双面水彩微型画像遭受损害,现在的肖像上显示的是一个照片。蛋内,一个镶金的圆盘与玫瑰窗的设计充当人像框架的平台。


Napoleonic Egg 1912 Nicolas II to Maria Fyodorovna

The egg's design commemorates the centenary of the Battle of Borodino during Napoleon's 1812 invasion of Russia. The Napoleonic egg is one of only two Imperial Eggs of which the design drawings have been found, the other being the 1907 Standart Yacht egg.


1912年的拿破仑彩蛋,由尼古拉二世送给母亲玛丽亚费多罗夫娜

该蛋为了纪念1812年拿破仑入侵俄国的波罗底诺战役而设计,该蛋是仅有的两个彩蛋原设计稿被发现之一,另一个是1907年斯坦达特游艇蛋。


Surprise is a six-panel miniature screen depicting in watercolor six regiments of which Maria Fyodorovna was an honorary colonel. Each panel has on its reverse side the royal monogram of the Dowager Empress. The screen itself is made from translucent green emeralds, rose-cut diamonds and white enamel.

蛋里的惊喜是六面微型版画,上有水彩的六个团的画像,其中玛丽亚·费多罗夫娜是名誉上校。每个版面背面有太后的皇家会标。屏幕本身是由半透明的绿色翡翠,玫瑰式切割钻石和白色珐琅制成。


The Romanov Tercentenary Egg

1913 Nicolas II to his wife Alexandra Fyodorovna


The egg celebrates the tercentenary of the Romanov dynasty, the three hundred years of Romanov rule from 1613 to 1913. The outside contains eighteen portraits of the Romanov Tsars of Russia. The egg is decorated in a chased gold pattern with double-headed eagles as well as past and present Romanov crowns which frame the portraits of the Tsars.


罗曼诺夫三百年蛋 1913年由尼古拉二世送给他的妻子亚历山德拉·费多罗夫娜


彩蛋蛋庆祝罗曼诺夫王朝三百年,由罗曼诺夫家族统治的1613年至1913年。外面包含18个罗曼诺夫沙皇人像。彩蛋装饰着沙皇家徽双头鹰的黄金浮雕。

The surprise is a rotating detailed globe made of dark blue enamel, varicolored gold and steel. The globe portrays one hemisphere showing Russian territory under Tsar Michael in 1613, and on the opposite side the Russian territory under Nicholas II in 1913. The dark blue enamel colors areas of the ocean while landmasses are portrayed in colored golds.

蛋里的惊喜是一个由深蓝色珐琅,杂色黄金和钢制成的可以旋转的地球。一半球体展示1613年

沙皇迈克尔统治下的俄罗斯领土,另一半展示1913年在尼古拉二世统治下的俄罗斯领土。海洋部分由深蓝色珐琅展现,陆地部分则是有色黄金。


The 1913 Winter Egg was an Easter gift for Nicholas II's mother, Tsarina Maria Feodorovna. The price in 1913 was 24,700 rubles, the most expensive Easter egg ever made. The egg sold for US$9.6 million in an auction at Christie's in New York City in 2002.


1913年的冬天彩蛋是尼古拉二世送给母亲玛丽亚的,在1913年的委托价格为24,700卢布,有史以来最昂贵的复活节彩蛋。该彩蛋在2002年纽约佳士得拍卖行以960万美元售出。

'Winter Egg' designed by Fabergé's first female designer, Alma Klee, grand-daughter of August Holmström, one of Fabergé's most skilled jewellers. Made from carved and polished rock crystal and carefully set with diamonds and platinum while the flowers in the basket are from white quartz, green garnet and nephrite. This is most seen as Fabergé's masterpiece.


“冬天彩蛋”由法贝热的第一位女设计师,阿尔玛·克利,她是奥古斯特 HOLMSTROM的孙女,法贝热最熟练的设计师之一设计。以水晶石雕刻和抛光,仔细镶有钻石和铂金,花篮中的花是由白色石英,绿色石榴石和田玉制成。这件作品被认为是法贝热彩蛋中的杰作。


The Mosaic egg was made for Nicholas II to his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna on Easter 1914.

马赛克彩蛋由尼古拉二世1914年复活节送给妻子亚历山德拉。


The Egg is made of yellow gold, platinum, brilliant diamonds, rose-cut diamonds, ruby, emerald, topaz, sapphire, garnet, half-pearls, moonstone, white enamel and opaque pink enamel. It consists of a series of yellow gold belts which are pave-set with diamonds and a variety of gems in a floral pattern, providing a look of petit point tapestry work.

彩蛋是由黄金,铂金,钻石,玫瑰式切割钻石,红宝石,绿宝石,黄玉,蓝宝石,石榴石,半珍珠,月长石,白色珐琅不透明粉红色珐琅制成。它由一系列的黄金带,围绕密钉镶嵌钻石和多种花卉图案的宝石,造成了挂毯般密集小点的外观。

The surprise is a removable miniature frame with relief profiles of Nicholas and Alexandra's five children in a cameo brooch style. The back of the frame is enameled with a sepia basket of flowers. The basket is bordered with the year 1914 and the names of each of the Romanov children (Anastasia Nikolaevna, Alexis Romanov, Olga Nikolaevna, Maria Nikolaevna, Tatiana Romanov).


彩蛋内的惊喜是尼古拉斯和亚历山德拉的五个孩子的浮雕,装饰在胸针样式的可移动框架上。框架的背面深褐色花篮下被镶上了1914年和每个孩子的名字(阿纳斯塔西娅·尼古拉耶夫娜,亚历克西斯·罗曼诺夫,奥尔加·尼古拉耶夫娜,玛丽亚·尼古拉耶夫娜,塔蒂亚娜罗曼诺夫)。


The Catherine the Great Egg (or The Grisaille Egg), four-color gold, diamonds, pearls, 1914. Presented by Nicholas II to Dowager Empress Maria Fyodorovna. Hillwood Museum, Washington, DC, USA

凯瑟琳大帝彩蛋,四色黄金,钻石,珍珠,由尼古拉二世在1914年献给母亲马利亚。现存美国华盛顿的好莱坞博物馆


The egg was made by Henrik Wigström, "Fabergé's last head workmaster". Its surprise (now lost) was "a mechanical sedan chair, carried by two blackamoors, with Catherine the Great seated inside".

该彩蛋由亨利克威戈斯登,法贝热最后一个领头设计师制作,蛋内惊喜现在已遗失,里面原有一个机械轿子,由两个黑摩尔人抬着,轿子里面端坐着凯瑟琳大帝小雕像。


Red Cross with Triptych egg Nicholas II presented it to his wife Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna on Easter 1915. The central scene is the Harrowing of Hell, the Orthodox representation of the Resurrection. Saint Olga, the founder of Christianity in Russia is represented on the left wing of the triptych. The martyr Saint Tatiana on the right.

红十字会与三联鸡蛋是尼古拉二世1915年送给妻子亚历山德拉的。中央画面是地狱的悲惨,复活节的正义。圣奥尔加,基督教在俄罗斯的创始人在三联画的左翼,右边是烈士圣塔蒂亚娜。


1915 Red Cross with Imperial Portraits - Nicholas II presented the egg to his mother, Maria Feodorovna. The surprise is a hinged, folding screen of five oval miniature portraits of women from the House of Romanov, each wearing the uniform of the Red Cross.

1915年的红十字皇家肖像彩蛋,由尼古拉二世献给母亲玛丽亚,蛋内的惊喜是五个罗曼诺夫家族妇女穿着红十字制服的肖像。

Steel Military Egg, 1916. Presented by Nicholas II to Czarina Alexandra Fyodorovna. Gold, steel, nephrite. Kept in Kremlin Armoury Museum, Moscow.


铁骑蛋,1916年由尼古拉二世赠送给妻子亚历山德拉费多罗夫娜。黄金,钢铁,田玉。现保存在克里姆林宫军械库博物馆,莫斯科。


No.50


Made during World War I, the Order of St. George egg commemorates the Order of St. George that was awarded to Emperor Nicholas and his son, the Grand Duke Alexei Nikolaievich.The Order of St. George egg and its counterpart the Steel Military egg were given a modest design in keeping with the austerity of World War I, and Fabergé billed 13,347 rubles for the two.The Order of St. George egg left Bolshevik Russia with its original recipient, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna.


这是在1916年第一次世界大战期间制作的,圣乔治鸡蛋用来纪念圣乔治被授予皇帝尼古拉和他的儿子,大公阿列克谢.圣乔治鸡蛋和另一个铁骑蛋都有着适度的设计符合第一次世界大战时期。法贝热13,347卢布的两个彩蛋账单,当此彩蛋离开俄罗斯的时候,还有原来的收件人订单,写着太后玛丽亚费罗多夫娜。


The egg was created in 1917, and was due to be completed and delivered to the Tsar that Easter, as a present for his mother, the Empress Maria Feodorovna. But before the egg could be delivered, the February Revolution took place and Nicholas II was forced to abdicate on March 15. On April 25, Fabergé sent the Tsar an invoice for the egg, addressing Nicholas II not as "Tsar of all the Russians" but as "Mr. Romanov, Nikolai Aleksandrovich". Nicholas paid 12,500 rubles and the egg was sent to Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich at his palace, for presentation to the Empress, but the Duke fled before it arrived. The egg remained in the palace until it was looted in the wake of the October Revolution later that year.


这枚彩蛋是在1917年打造的,已完成并准备交付给沙皇,作为送给他的母亲玛丽亚的礼物。但彩蛋在呈上前,二月革命爆发,3月15日尼古拉二世被迫退位。 4月25日,法贝热送沙皇的发票上,已不再称尼古拉二世为“沙皇”,仅作为“罗曼诺夫先生,尼古拉·亚历山德罗”。尼古拉斯支付了12,500卢布,鸡蛋被送到大公迈克尔·亚历山德罗维奇的宫殿,以交给皇太后,但公爵在彩蛋送达之前出逃。彩蛋留在宫中,直到它在十月革命之后晚些时候被洗劫一空。


The egg is made out of Karelian birch panels set in a gold frame. This is a departure in design from previous eggs, which were far more ornate and gilded. The change was due to austerity measures taken as a result of World War I, both by the Russian Imperial family, and the House of Fabergé. However, the Karelian Birch egg was the only one to use an organic substance (wood) as a primary construction element. Its "surprise" was a miniature mechanical elephant, covered with tiny rose-cut diamonds, wound with a small jewel-encrusted key.


该彩蛋是一个由金色边框装饰的卡累利阿桦木蛋。这是一个和之前的彩蛋相比简约和朴素的彩蛋,由于第一次世界大战导致银根紧缩,皇室和法贝热工坊都采取了节约的政策。卡累利阿桦木蛋是唯一一个使用有机物质(木材)作为主要元素。它的“惊喜”是一个微型的机械大象,覆盖着微小的玫瑰式切割钻石,有一个缀满珠宝的钥匙。


Constellation (unfinished)

Due to the Russian Revolution of 1917, the egg was never finished or presented to Tsar Nicholas' wife, the TsaritsaAlexandra Feodorovna.

由于战争原因,1917年的这枚星座彩蛋没有完成,原本是准备送给亚历山德拉皇后的。


The egg, as it is known from 1917 document, was made of blue glass with a crystal base, and the Leo sign of the zodiac is engraved on the glass. (The heir to the Russian throne, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, was a Leo). There are stars that are marked by diamonds, and there is a clock mechanism inside the egg.


从1917年的文献记载,该彩蛋是由蓝色玻璃与水晶作为底座,狮子座标志刻在玻璃上。 (俄罗斯王位继承人阿列克谢·尼古拉耶维奇是狮子座)。有钻石镶嵌代表星星和一个时钟在彩蛋内。


----------后续


在俄罗斯革命发生后,法贝热工坊收归布尔什维克所有,法贝热全家避居到瑞士,法贝热于1920年在瑞士去世。罗曼诺夫王朝的宫殿被大肆搜索,他们拥有的珠宝在列宁的命令下被移到克里姆林武器库中。

为了获得更多外国货币,斯大林在1927年卖出许多法贝热制作的蛋雕。从1930年至1933年间,总共有14皇室蛋雕流出俄罗斯。许多蛋雕被卖给西方石油公司的总裁阿曼德·汉姆(Armand Hammer)、一位列宁的私交(他的父亲是美国共产党的创始人)与伦敦的古董经销商。

在莫斯科武器库这次收藏行动后,迈尔康·福布斯于纽约促成了一次最大规模的法贝热彩蛋展览。这次展示总共包括有9颗蛋雕,与大约180件富比士其他的商品,为了苏富比在2004年2月的拍卖作准备。2002年时,完成于1913年的“冬天”彩蛋以960万美金的价格卖出。


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作者: 魔女屋LYL
发布日期:2016-03-28 10:23:20  原文链接:点此查看原文